Add to Favorites Sericea means covered with fine, silky hairs, which are found on the undersides of the leaves, especially on the veins; or on the young branches. In the fall, they can be transplanted into their permanent spot in your garden. Mukilteo, WA. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. 5 out of 5 stars (24) 24 reviews $ 14.99. Native Americans had many uses for red twig dogwood. occidentalis , which occurs in the Pacific Northwest, Alaska, California and British Columbia, and C. sericea ssp. The winter is when you will really appreciate this shrub. From shop vtwigs. Thanks to its dense root mass and liking for damp areas, it is often used to stabilize stream banks. The flowers are borne in clusters which then become clusters of waxy white berries that are beloved by birds. sericea , which is found much more widely. In the fall, they can be transplanted into their permanent spot in your garden. This shrub is a member of the same family of plants as flowering dogwood, but … Diagnostic characters: Leaves are opposite, oval-shaped, pointed at the tip with the typical dogwood veining pattern; 5-7 secondary veins arise at the midvein, and run parallel to each other out to the margin, converging at the tip. Stolonifera means “bearing stolons (running stems),” due to this shrub’s habit of spreading by the layering of prostrate stems. There are two subspecies: C. sericea ssp. The branches are attractive in floral arrangements. Red Twig Dogwood is another of the Oregon Native plants. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in … Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Cornus means horn or antler, or “the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolled”—which may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. You can test the maturity by trying to bend the branches. Red-Twig Dogwood is extremely variable; many cultivated varieties are available varying in stem color, size, and leaf variegation. With … It is especially useful for planting in Rain Gardens, around water retention swales, and for stabilizing streambanks, especially where seasonal flooding is a concern. Beavers use Red-twig Dogwood for food and to build dams and lodges. Use them in combination with yellow twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display. As they age, the color dulls until the oldest stems are brown. Numerous white flower clusters appear in late spring, giving way to lovely white berries in late summer. In the spring, it sports white flowers. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Distribution: Red-Twig Dogwood is found throughout most of northern and western North America, extending into Mexico in the west; but barely into Kentucky and Virginia in the east. Red twig dogwood is a great native plant for wildlife. The sap was used on arrowheads to poison animals. Common: Red Twig Dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood Native Range: Low to mid-elevations throughout most of North America, along streams, in floodplains and boggy areas, moist to wet woodlands. Growing 6 to 9 feet tall and spreading 8 to 12 feet, it is a multi-stemmed shrub which spreads by suckering. The flowers turn into waxy white berries during the summer. Yellowish-white flowers are followed by small blue berries. Stems are often bright red, especially in winter, but also can be greenish, or yellow. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. They create a nice green backdrop to highlight other colorful plants throughout the rest of … It stimulates new healthy growth. Red twig dogwood is as easy to propagate as it is easy to grow. Cutting plants back each spring will ensure vibrant color on the new growth. In the Landscape: Red-Twig Dogwood is most often grown for its striking red twigs for winter interest. Cover the containers with plastic and place them in your refrigerator for 3 months. Cornus alba 'Sibirica' SKU. If there are no young stems, cut the large stems back to 18 to 24 inches. It has evolved to grow in here in North America, offers four seasons of interest and provides a food source for the local birds. The bark was used for dye and the stems for basketry, fish traps, and arrows. The Red Rover® Dogwood (Cornus obliqua 'Powell Gardens')—or Cornus amomum subsp. They also boiled it and used it medicinally for coughs, colds, fevers, and diarrhea. These shrubs are beautiful in the fall and winter season. What is Red Twig Dogwood? More Detail. Thanks for reading and commenting. Hardwood cuttings are cuttings made from mature branches. It belongs to the dogwood species. Most gardeners propagate by hardwood cuttings. If they are rigid and don’t bend, they are mature and can be used for hardwood cuttings. In our region, we also have the Pacific Dogwood tree, and a groundcover, Bunchberry, Cornus canadensis. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. Red-osier dogwood, Cornus stolonifera (formerly C. sericea) is a medium to large shrub native to North America. WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. Place the containers in a shady sheltered area and keep the soil moist. The youngest branches have the brightest red color. The variety found west of the Cascades, C. s. occidentalis, tends to be more hairy. Native Americans surely found good uses for it. Distribution: Red-Twig Dogwood is found throughout most of northern and western North America, extending into Mexico in the west; but barely into Kentucky and Virginia in the east. Cornus sericea, syn. Thanks for reading and commenting. Red-twig dogwood has a large range—from Alaska and northern Canada from coast to coast, and as far south as Virginia in the east and Chihuahua, Mexico in the west, at low to middle elevations. Red-osier dogwood tolerates a wide range of soils, performing well on moderately wet soils and surviving occasional flooding. stems are bright red, especially in winter, but can also be greenish or yellow. The flowers are tiny, white and fragrant. Its showy red stems provide great winter interest. Cut the oldest largest stems down to the ground leaving younger stems. Harvest and soak some berries overnight. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea is a Flowering Native Perennial. For instance, bury a 4 inch cutting 2 inches deep or a 6 inch cutting 3 inches deep. Red-Twig Dogwood is extremely variable; many cultivated varieties are available varying in stem color, size, and leaf variegation. Distribution of Red Twig Dogwood from USDA Plants Database. This native silky is well known for its narrow lance-shaped leaves that celebrate green in the spring and turn yellow, red… Cornus sericea. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. See more ideas about dogwood, dogwood shrub, twig dogwood. It is often called Red-osier Dogwood; other common names include: Red-stemmed, Rose, Silky, American, California, Creek, Western, or Poison Dogwood, Squawbush, Shoemack, Waxberry Cornel, Red-osier Cornel, Red-stemmed Cornel, Red Willow, Red Brush, Red Rood, Harts Rouges, Gutter Tree and Dogberry Tree. This medium-sized shrub, also known as red osier dogwood, will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. Those red and yellow branches are particularly beautiful as shown with snow on the ground as in those first two photos. Keeping the soil moist while it is in the refrigerator mimics the wet conditions that the seeds would experience in the wild. You will need to prune regularly, usually every two years, to keep your shrubs bright red. Maintain the temperature, while keeping the soil moist until germination which should occur in 2 to 3 months. White, flat topped flower clusters appear in early June, followed by small, white or light blue, persistent fruit. Bears, ducks, and trout also eat the berries along with many songbirds, the primary agents of seed dispersal. Red twig dogwoods tolerate partial shade, although their red twig color is best when the shrub grows in full sun. Bloodtwig dogwoods are European in origin, also known as Cornus sanguinea . The Red Twig Dogwood is prized for its bright coral-red stems! It grows well in wet areas and is perfect for rain gardens. Your seedlings should be grown in light shade, keeping them well watered, during their first summer. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Red Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea) ElrondPeredhil / Getty Images. It grows best in the open but will survive in up to 75 per cent shade. In the late summer, begin to acclimate them to full sun. Characteristics: Multi-stemmed shrub 3-15’ tall and wide, spreading by horizontal branches at the base rooting at points of contact with the ground; thicket-forming, with newest branches the bright red that is … Demas W Jasper from Today's America and The World Beyond on December 16, 2017: Who said the smallest part of a shrub is only a twig? Growth: The species grows 6-18 feet (2-6m) tall, often reaching tree stature in our area. Red Twig Dogwood variety with a Yellow Twig Dogwood (Cornus sericea ‘Flaviramea’) in the background. Wetland designation: FACW, It usually occurs in wetlands, but is occasionally found in non-wetlands. In the late summer, you can begin acclimating them to full sun. As the name implies, red twig dogwood (Cornus sericea) is related to dogwood trees (C. florida). … Feed the shrubs with an all-purpose fertilizer after pruning. Scarifying seeds or a warm stratification period for 60 days prior to cold stratification may increase germination rates. Beautifully large and fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in spring! In winter, the bright, candy-apple red stems are extremely attractive. Thank you Peggy! Propagation: Cold stratify seeds at 40º F (4º C) for 60-120 days. Red-Twig Dogwood provides cover and nesting habitat for small mammals and birds and along with other riparian species provides good mule deer fawning and fawn-rearing areas. Red Twig Dogwood Identification and Relationship with Birds. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. If there is resistance, roots have formed. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. Red twig dogwood native shrub plant. Of the approximately 50 species of dogwood (genus Cornus) found worldwide, 16 are native to the United States.Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea L. ssp. It’s also a good time to prune because the leaves are gone and you can get a good look at your shrubs to determine where to prune. Flowers are primarily pollinated by bees. Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red-orange colored leaves. The inner bark was mixed with other plant matter and smoked like tobacco. Flowers are small, white to greenish in dense, flat-topped clusters (bracts not large and showy as in other dogwoods). Fruits are white, sometimes blue-tinged with a somewhat flattened stone pit. Red twig dogwoods are very hardy and do well in sunny sites or partial shade and especially in moist areas. Red Twig Dogwood They used the berries to stop bleeding and to treat colds. Notable varieties include ‘Flaviramea,” a yellow-twig form; “Isanti,” a compact form (to 5’) with bright red stems; ‘Kelseyi,’ a dwarf form to 1.5’; and ‘Silver and Gold’ with yellow branches and creamy-edged foliage. My dear friends, It is often seen in the westernmost parts of North America. Red twig dogwood (scientific name Cornus sericea) is a deciduous shrub related to the flowering dogwood trees we all love so much in the spring.In the winter, its brilliant red branches provide a much-needed pop of color. White threads run through the veins. Red twig dogwood is hardy in zones 3 through 8. They are so insignificant that the shrub is not grown for its flowers unlike its cousin the dogwood tree with its big showy spring blossoms. The oldest stems are brown. The shrub provides four seasons of interest with vibrant dark red winter twigs, flower clusters and white berries. red twig dogwood, red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea) One of the best shrubs for winter interest, red-osier dogwood produces deep red twigs and stems. Then in the fall, the foliage turns from green into purple. The red twig dogwood is a native that is a good alternative to showy non-natives. Mice, voles and other rodents eat the bark and the berries. 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