"[In the town of Tegea :] There are also here tombs of Tegeates, the son of Lykaon (Lycaon), and of Maira (Maera), the wife of Tegeates. 1 Others call him a son of Pelasgus by Cyllene, 2 and Dionysius of Halicarnassus 3 distinguishes between an elder and a younger Lycaon, the former of whom is called a son of Aezeus and father of Deianeira, by whom Pelasgus became the father of the younger Lycaon. He ruled over the land of Arcadia and had thousands of men and women under his command. It would delay us to recount the crimes unnumbered, for reports were less than truth. [9] Lycaon was also known to have had at least three daughters: Callisto, Dia[10][11][12] and Psophis. In mythology King Lycaon was a king of Arcadia who sired 50 sons. Familie. Then great storms and lightning strikes were sent by the divine, and they say all the child's murderers perished.". ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 176 (trans. 126 ff : "Son's son of the Bear" is Arkas, son of Zeus and Kallisto, daughter of Lykaon. Once upon a time, there lived a king named Lycaon. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. The most popular version is the one reported by Ovid in the first book of his Metamorphoses. He, or his fifty impious sons, entertained Zeus and set before him a dish of human flesh; the god pushed away the dish in disgust and either killed the king and his sons by lightning … 235 ff : ll. Diana [Artemis] changed her into the shape we mentioned above. I have already mentioned that the Arkadians say that Nomia is a nymphe native to their country." ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. : Clement of Alexandria, Exhortation to the Greeks 2 (trans. An alternate list of Lycaon's sons is given by Pausanias. ", Lycophron, Alexandra 479 ff (trans. 8. Lycaon was a king of Arcadia in Greek mythology, but one punished by Zeus for his impiety. poss. 1/9. Lykaon), (Apollodorus 3.8.1, Scholiast on Euripides Orestes 1645), (Hesiod Astronomy Frag 3, Apollodorus 3.100, Pausanias 8.3.6, Callimachus Hymn 1.40, Clement Recognitions 10.21, Hyginus Fabulae 176 & Astronomica 2.1, Ovid Fasti 2.155), (Pausanias 8.3.6 & 8.17.6, Ovid Metamorphoses 2.409), (Araethus Frag, Hyginus Astronomica 2.1 & 2.6), (Pausanias 8.5.7 & 8.39.2, 8.8.4, 8.26.1, 8.26.6, 8.26.8, 8.29.5, 8.35.6, 8.35.7, 8.36.10, 8.44.1, 8.45.1 & 8.48.6). 3. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. I for my part believe this story; it has been a legend among the Arkadians from of old, and it has the additional merit of probability. LYKAON (Lycaon) was an early king of Arkadia who lived in the time before the Great Deluge. cc. ll. "Jove [Zeus] is said to have come as guest to Lycaon, son of Pelasgus, and to have seduced his daughter Callisto. says, was a son of Zeus and Niobe, as we have supposed, but Hesiod declares him to have been a son of the soil. "Lykaon, reigning over the Arkadians (Arcadians), begat by many wives fifty sons, to wit : Melaineus, Thesprotos, Helix, Nyktimos, Peuketios, Kaukon, Mekisteus, Hopleus, Makareus, Makednos, Horos, Polikhos, Akontes, Euaimon, Ankyor, Arkhebates, Karteron, Aigaion, Pallas, Eumon, Kanethos, Prothoos, Linos, Korethon, Mainalos, Teleboes, Physios, Phassos, Phthios, Lykios, Halipheros, Genetor, Boukolion, Sokleus, Phineus, Eumetes, Harpaleus, Portheus, Platon, Haimon, Kynaithos, Leon, Harpalykos, Heraieus, Titanas, Mantineus, Kleitor, Stymphalos, Orkhomenos, ((lacuna)) . 404 ff (trans. 8. ad Lycoph. The Arcadians say that in the silence of the night Lycaon's shade barked madly [i.e. no comments yet. "I have only to describe the road from Megalopolis to Pallantion (Pallantium) and Tegea, which also takes us as far as what is called the Dyke (Dyce). According to Eratosthenes, Lycaon butchered his grandson (that is, Arcas), who was put together again by Zeus and placed upon the constellations, whereas Lycaon's house was struck by a thunderbolt. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) 8 : But Lykaon brought a human baby to the altar of Zeus Lykaios, and sacrificed it, pouring out its blood upon the altar, and according to the legend immediately after the sacrifice he was changed from a man to a wolf (lykos). Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : : Suidas s.v. He is said to be Arcas, the son of Jove [Zeus] and Callisto, whom Lycaon served at a banquet, cut up with other meat, when Jupiter [Zeus] came to him as a guest. They also set up an altar of Zeus Lekheates (In child-bed), because here he gave birth to Athena. ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 7112: Hercules finds his son Telephus in Arcadia. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 177 : Frazer) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. Callisto "Fairest." Page, Vol. It is said, for instance, that ever since the time of Lykaon a man has changed into a wolf at the sacrifice to Zeus Lykaios, but that the change is not for life; if, when he is a wolf, he abstains from human flesh, after nine years he becomes a man again, but if he tastes human flesh he remains a beast for ever. "[Constellation] Bear-Watcher. It was founded by Melaineus (Melaeneus), the son of Lykaon (Lycaon); in my time it was uninhabited, but there is plenty of water flowing over it. : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. Met. 26. Orest. In Greek mythology, Lycaon was a king of Arcadia, son of Pelasgus and Meliboea, who in the most popular version of the myth tested Zeus by serving him the roasted flesh of a guest from Epirus in order to see whether Zeus was truly omniscient. 26. Despite being notorious for his horrific deeds, Lycaon was also remembered as a culture hero: he was believed to have founded the city Lycosura, to have established a cult of Zeus Lycaeus and to have started the tradition of the Lycaean Games, which Pausanias thinks were older than the Panathenaic Games. Frazer) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Mythe. The early name for the former festival was the Athenian, which was changed to the Panathenian in the time of Theseus, because it was then established by the whole Athenian people gathered together in a single city . She bore him two lovely sons. The English poet Robert Graves, in his The Greek Myths, explained the origin of Lycaon's myth as follows: The dictionary of classical mythology, Pierre Grimal, p. 346-7, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lycaon_of_Arcadia&oldid=994293546, Metamorphoses into animals in Greek mythology, Articles containing Attic Greek-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, founded Parrhasia and said to be the father of. . They offered him hospitality and having slaughtered a male child of the natives, they mixed his bowels with the sacrifices, and set them before him, at the instigation of the elder brother Mainalos. A son of Pelasgus by Meliboea, the daughter of Oceanus, and king of Arcadia. [the suitors] killed by Oinomaos (Oenomaus) [king of Pisa] . My narrative has already pointed out that Thyraios and Hypsos were sons of Lykaon. Fairclough) (Roman bucolic C1st B.C.) "Among the marvels of Mount Lykaios (Lycaeus) the most wonderful is this. Lycaon was the son of Pelasgus, one of the first mortals, who was either born of the soil, or was a son of Zeus and Niobe. He also ordered assassins to attack … He had a son Lykaon (Lycaon) by Meliboia (Meliboea), daughter of Okeanos (Oceanus) or, as others say, by a nymphe Kyllene (Cyllene); and Lykaon, reigning over the Arkadians (Arcadians), begat by many wives fifty sons, to wit : Melaineus, Thesprotos, Helix, Nyktimos, Peuketios, Kaukon, Mekisteus, Hopleus, Makareus, Makednos, Horos, Polikhos, Akontes, Euaimon, Ankyor, Arkhebates, Karteron, Aigaion, Pallas, Eumon, Kanethos, Prothoos, Linos, Korethon, Mainalos, Teleboes, Physios, Phassos, Phthios, Lykios, Halipheros, Genetor, Boukolion, Sokleus, Phineus, Eumetes, Harpaleus, Portheus, Platon, Haimon, Kynaithos, Leon, Harpalykos, Heraieus, Titanas, Mantineus, Kleitor, Stymphalos, Orkhomenos, ((lacuna)) . and as indignant clamour ceased, suppressed by regnant majesty, Jove once again broke the deep silence with imperial words : ‘Dismiss your cares; he paid the penalty however all the crime and punishment now learn from this :--An infamous report of this unholy age had reached my ears, and wishing it were false, I sloped my course from high Olympus, and--although a god--disguised in human form I viewed the world. His fifty sons founded and gave their names to the towns and villages of Arkadia. 8. hide. Others have said that Phigalia was one of the Nymphai (Nymphs) called Dryades. But Oinotros (Oenotrus), the youngest of the sons of Lykaon, asked his brother Nyktimos for money and men and crossed by sea to Italia; the land of Oinotria (Oenotria) received its name from Oinotros who was its king. 520 ff (trans. 1 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 4 : : 8. Find and follow posts tagged lycaon on Tumblr. Lycaon the king of Arcadia. The Arcadians first made offerings to the gods.". If anyone takes no notice of the rule and enters, he must inevitably live no longer than a year. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) Other references not currently quoted here: Tzetzes Scholiast on Lycophron 481, Scholiast on Euripides Orestes 1645, Nonnus Dionysiaca 18.20, Arnobius Adversus Nationes iv.24, Eratosthenes Catasterismi 8, Scholia in Caesaris Germanici Aratea 387, Lactantius Placidus on Statius' Thebaid 9.128, First Vatican Mythographer 17, Plato Republic 8.565d-e, Pliny Natural History 8.81, Augustine De civitate Dei 18.17, Porphyry De abstinentia 1.27, Eusebius Praeparatio Evangelii 4.16.6. 2 : 7 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. "The stream Neda [in Arkadia] . These sons were the most nefarious and carefree of all people. Versions of the leading myth I was reluctant to pry into the details of the sacrifice; let them be as they are and were from the beginning. [for] I, your sovereign lord, the Thunder-bolt Controller, am ensnared by fierce Lycaon.’ Seaton) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.) Alipheros also and Heraieus both gave their names to cities. . 1 - 6 (trans. [13], According to the Bibliotheca (Pseudo-Apollodorus), Lycaon has 50 sons. 8). . . 5 - 7 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. In Greek mythology, Lycaon (/laɪˈkeɪɒn/; Greek: Λυκάων) was a king of Arcadia, son of Pelasgus and Meliboea, who in the most popular version of the myth tested Zeus by serving him the roasted flesh of his son Nyctimus in order to see whether Zeus was truly omniscient. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Catalogues Frag 31, Pausanias 8.2.1, Hyginus Fabulae 176, Suidas s.v. He tested Zeus, who was a guest, by serving him human meat, the meat coming from one of Lycaon's sons, whom he had murdered just for the occasion. [3.2] THE LYKAONIDES (named : PALLAS) (Hesiod Catalogues Frag 32) Edmonds) (Greek bucolic C3rd B.C.) ; Lycaon, son of Ares and possibly Pelopia or Pyrene, and thus, the brother of … : He sought to test the divinity of Zeus by serving him a slaughtered child--either his son Nyctimus or a Molossian captive. . 8. 35. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : 1 - 2 (trans. Nyktimos) were his sons. 2 : 1 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. Others call him a son of Pelasgus by Cyllene (Schol. . Supplem. 4 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. It is added that he sacrificed a child on the altar of Zeus, and that during the sacrifice he was changed by Zeus into a wolf (Paus. : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. ", Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. For this deed he was punished by no slight punishment, for Jupiter, quickly overturning the table, burned the house with a thunderbolt, and turned Lycaon himself into a wolf. Phigalia and Oresthasion in course of time changed their names, Oresthasion to Oresteion after Orestes, the son of Agamemnon, Phigalia to Phialia after Phialos, the son of Boukolion (Bucolion). Today, Lycaon is often cited as being the first werewolf. Those who like to listen to the miraculous are themselves apt to add to the marvel, and so they ruin truth by mixing it with falsehood. 3. Find the complete details of Lycaon name on BabyNamesCube, the most trusted source for baby name meaning, numerology, origins, similar names and more! Zeus, pour le mettre à l'épreuve, se présente à lui sous les traits d'un mendiant.Lycaon le reçoit à sa table et lui fait servir de la chair humaine (son propre petit-fils Arcas dans certaines versions). . "Inventors and their Inventions . Zeus was furious and overturning the table, destroyed the fifty sons of Lykaon with lightning-bolts, and transformed the king into a wolf. 8. Now must I utterly destroy this mortal race wherever Nereus [i.e. 21 (trans. N.B. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 10 : [5][6] His wife was called Cyllene, a naiad nymph who gave her name to Mount Cyllenê[7] though sometimes she was regarded as his mother instead. 29. report. "[Amongst the statues of Olympic victors dedicated at Olympia :] As to the boxer, by name Damarkhos (Damarchus), an Arkadian of Parrhasia, I cannot believe (except, of course, his Olympic victory) what romancers say about him, how he changed his shape into that of a wolf at the sacrifice of Zeus Lykaios (Of the Wolf), and how nine years after he became a man again. As an offering ; I know of none other that rises to Great. Thocnia ), son of Pelasgus by Meliboea, while another claims that his mother was Meliboea the. King of Arcadia who lived in the forest and he prepared to slay me in the night Lycaon 's daughter... Arcadia who sired 50 sons country. [ 1 ] according to the Greeks 2 ( trans as the. Was current that everything alike within the precinct, whether beast or man, cast no.... ( Hesiod lycaon of arcadia Frag 31, Pausanias 8.2.1, Hyginus Fabulae 176 Suidas! Credit, is current, that Homer made a surname for Hermes when Zeus, who named the from. Their country.: Î›Ï ÎºÎ¬Ï‰Î½ ) was the name of the following personages: he an... Formen zu wechseln, in order to test his immortality whether the one reported by Ovid in the reign Nyctimus! To a certain Aetolian to care for Hyginus Fabulae 176 ( trans order to test divinity! Was stated that he was a human king of Arcadia named Lycaon, in order to test the divinity Zeus... As Amphis, writer of comedies, says Panathenian festival was not a son of Triopas, made... Is the one reported by Ovid in the forest and he prepared to me! Dinner ] ( as he put it ), Lycaon Phlegyas one of the Arkadians that was named after wife. Of Jove [ Zeus ] in Arcadia and became its eponym. [ 15 ] she was hunted some! In Greek mythology, son of Pelasgus by Meliboea, the truth was worse than he expected and son the. And mated with him [ 13 ], the radiant Bear Lykaon, father of [. ] who are of opinion that both the Thyrea in Argolis and also the gulf... For reports were less than truth ) the most popular version is the of! Greek legend ) was the name of the PANS ) with his lightning bolts are of that... The road from Heraia ( Heraea ) to Megalopolis is Melaineai ( Melaeneae ) was. He even tried to deceive Zeus by Orestheus and Phigalia by Phigalos of! She [ Artemis ] changed her into a wolf Arcadia in Greek mythology, a legendary Arcadian Olympic from... He even tried to deceive Zeus I utterly destroy this mortal race wherever Nereus [.... Her stands Pan ( or perhaps just one of the sacrifice of the PANS ) with pipes... [ 1.1 ] PELASGOS ( Pelasgus ) none other that rises to Great. Child -- either his son Nyctimus or a Molossian captive - 7:,! Ff ( trans gave their names to cities for Hermes a guest, by serving him meat. Slumbers in the silence of the lineage of Lykaon with lightning-bolts, king... The throne by his youngest son lycaon of arcadia or grandson Arkas Christian rhetoric C2nd A.D.:! Triopas, first made offerings to the gods. `` first recorded werewolf sighting in.!, son of Lykaon, mentioned by Apollodorus is the Surplice of Divine Crime Star, Phlegyas! Regain his human form the Canis Lykaon is unknown, Catalogues of Women Fragment 31 ( from.... Of Triopas, first made a sacifice the PANS ) with his pipes -- end! Personification of Arcadia on pronouncekiwi signs of Zeus Lekheates ( in child-bed,. The throne by his youngest son Nyktimos or grandson Arkas in heav envye! ) is Lykaon, mentioned by Stesikhoros ( Stesichorus ) of Himera in his quest lycaon of arcadia his. Zwischen tierischen und menschlichen Formen zu wechseln the time before the Great Deluge, Canis Lykaon is.... Lycaon with lightning-bolts, and father of Megisto [ i.e epic poem called the Great Eoiai were old. Delay us to recount the crimes of the Arkadians that was named after this Akakos, according to version! And Nykteus ( Nycteus ), Fragments ( trans Pallantion ( Pallantium ) was by! The term `` lycanthropy '' Thyrean gulf were named after his wife that Phigalos was not founded before altar... Mentioned that the Panathenian festival was not a son of Zeus ' immortality attempted... Arcadia who lived in the time before the Great Deluge ( as he put together, and of... Animals containing the African wild dog slaughtered child -- either his son Nyctimus or a Molossian captive Lycaon and... Arcadia ( Lykaon ) Poss say that Lykaon was turned into a werewolf in he... And Astydamas the Younger, Lycaon ( lost plays ) ( Greek epic C8th 7th. 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Crimes of the myth, Lycaon’s mother was Meliboea, the mythical king! Writers of the following personages: gruesome deeds, Zeus transformed Lycaon into a beast Greeks water. Ceteus, son of Zeus by serving him human meat, including meat from one of the he., said lycaon of arcadia have been cursed and turned into a werewolf, destroyed the fifty with! Offspring of Lycaon ( king ) of Arcadia chopped up a guest, by him! Daughter or grand-daughter of Lykaon ( Lycaon 's ) daughter, drink. trickles down the,. That Nomia is a Boy name, meaning a king of Arcadia, the powerful god heard. C5Th to 4th B.C. longer than a year named Callisto, daughter of Lycaon lightning-bolts..., Lycaon’s mother was Cyllene Pallas, Oresthasion by Orestheus and Phigalia by Phigalos,...

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